James D. Carroll’s Course Home Page




Click Here for Course Material



We will ever strive for the ideals
and sacred things of the city,
both alone and with many;
we will unceasingly seek to quicken
the sense of public duty;
we will revere and obey the city's laws;
we will transmit the city
not only not less, but greater, better

and more beautiful
then it was transmitted to us.

From the Oath of the Athenian City State as inscribed in the foyer of the Maxwell School, Syracuse University




Knowledge will forever govern ignorance.

James Madison




All it takes for evil to triumph is for good men to do nothing.

Edmund Burke





We – even we here – hold the power and the responsibility.

Abraham Lincoln



Between the motion and the act,

Between the idea and the reality,

Falls the shadow

T.S. Elliot

The Hollow Men




You were not created to live as brutes,

but to pursue  virtue and knowledge.

Dante Alighieri

The Divine Comedy



…and gladly would he learn

and gladly teach

Geoffrey Chaucer



I tremble for my country when I recall that God is just, that his mercy will not last forever….

Thomas Jefferson





"I say it's spinach, and I say the hell with it."

The famous New Yorker cartoon was published on December 8, 1928, with a drawing by Carl Rose and text by E. B. White:

(Young Mother:) “It’s broccoli, dear.”
(Young Daughter:( “I say it’s spinach, and I say the hell with it.”

I discovered the following interesting passage about this.

Dumbbells and Carrot Strips
< Bernarr of Story>
by Mary MacFadden & Emile Gauvreau
New York: Henry Holt & Company

Pg. 197:
Her name was Nanette Kutner. She had come to our carrot
castle with her parents. She was never to forget the experience although she was not ten years old. She was thin but wiry, with inquisitive dark eyes that took in everything.

Pg. 198:
Her spinach and carrots always disappeared from her plate as if by magic. I knew she despised the stuff. While the boarders at the tables stowed it away in their stomachs she dumped it, by some sleight-of-hand, into a big reticule in which she carried reading matter. Later, sometimes in the middle of the night, in her bare feet, she got out of the house quietly and cast the food of health into the ocean. She is supposed to have been the originator of the phrase, “It’s spinach, and the hell with it!” A cartoonist for The New Yorker was to make it famous.






James D. Carroll is an analyst and  professor of public policy and administration,  emeritus. He is a graduate of Cornell University, and holds JD and PhD degrees from the College of Law of Syracuse University and the Maxwell School. He was admitted to the New York and Federal bars. He has served as a budget analyst in the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development; director of the Government Research Division in the Congressional Research Service, the Library of Congress; chair and originating director of the Department of Public Administration and Public Administration Programs  of the Maxwell School, Syracuse University;  and director and senior staff member of the Advanced Study Program of the Brookings Institution. He has been a consultant in Indonesia, China, Chile, Jamaica, Panama, and in over 25 domestic government agencies and organizations and state and local governments, including the Office of Management and Budget, the Executive office of the President, the Packard Commission on Defense Organization and Management, and the Commission on Government Procurement.    He has written many works on public law, policy, and administration, including Constitutional Competence for Public Managers, with David Rosenbloom and Jonathan Carroll, 2000. He has been a member of the National Academy of Public Administration for 30 years. He has served as a tenured professor at Ohio State University, Syracuse University, and Florida International University, an adjunct  professor at Georgetown University, and a visiting professor at University College, Cork, Ireland.






A few e resources







v     The Blind People


v  Links to Related Sites & Material




Ø       Contracting & Third Party Government

§        Syllabus

§        Student Bios & Project Statements (link not active)

§        Discussion Groups (link not active)

§        Assignments (link not active)


Ø   PhD Seminar

§        Syllabus

§        Student Bios & Project Statements(link not active)

§        Discussion Groups(link not active)

§        Assignments(link not active)


Ø   Administrative Law

§        Syllabus

§        Student Bios & Project Statements(link not active)

§        Discussion Groups(link not active)

§         Assignments(link not active)


Ø   Political, Social and Economic Context of Public Administration

§        Syllabus

§        Student Bios & Project Statements(link not active)

§        Discussion Groups(link not active)

§         Assignments(link not active)




Other syllabi are available upon request.




E-mail: jamesdcarroll@yahoo.com

Web page: www.jamesdcarroll.com


1239 Potomac St., N.W.

Washington, D.C. 20007

(202) 333-9037





I. Education

Cornell University, AB, philosophy

The College of Law, Syracuse University, JD

New York State and Federal Bar Associations

The Maxwell School, Syracuse University, Ph. D. - Public Law, Economy, and


II. Positions

1.      Professor, Public Law, Policy and Administration, College of Health and Urban  Affairs, Florida International University, Miami, Florida,  1990 – present

2.      Senior Staff Member, Center for Public Policy Education, the Brookings Institution, 1984-1990

3.      Professor, the Maxwell School, Syracuse University, 1972 - 1985 (on leave, 1979 - 1981); Adjunct Professor, passim

4.      Adjunct Professor, the Georgetown University Public Policy Institute, 1986 – 2004

5.      Consultant, World Bank and 15 – 20 other organizations,  passim

6.      Director, the Advanced Study Program, the Brookings Institution, 1979 – 1981

(advanced education/training for senior government, business, and other professionals and executives)

7.      Originating Chair, the Department of Public Administration, and Director, Ph.D., MPA, JD/MPA, and  Mid - Career programs,  the Maxwell School, Syracuse University, 1972 - 1980

8.      Professor, School of Public Policy and Management, the Ohio State University, 1969 - 1972

9.      Director and Senior Staff member, Government Research Division, the Congressional Research Service, the Library of Congress, 1967 - 1969

10.  Budget and program analyst, U. S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, 1967 - 1968

11.  Assistant to Dean Stephen K. Bailey, and Ph. D. candidate, the Maxwell School, 1963 - 1967

12.  Lawyer, Ott, Greene, Setright, and Moore, Syracuse, N. Y., 1961 – 1963

III. Publications

  1. The Domestic Security State, in process
  2. “Reorganizing Intelligence”, Public Administration Times, September, 2004
  3. “The Domestic Security State”, a paper presented at a joint conference of the National Academy of Public Administration and Johns Hopkins University, October, 2003, scheduled for publication in , Thomas Stanton, chair, Organization and Management Committee, The National Academy of Public Administration, Effective Government : Responding to the Challenge of September 11 , M.E. Sharpe, spring, 2005
  4. “Countervailing Power – The Right to Privacy and the Right to Protection”, Public Administration Times , January, 2003
  5. “The Future of Public Action: From the Administrative to the Entitlement to the Domestic Security State”, in Davis Rejeski, ed., Government Foresight: Myth, Dream, or Reality, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, 2003.
  6.  “Dwight Waldo”, with George Frederickson ,  Public Administration  Review, 2002
  7. Toward Constitutional Competence for Public Managers: Cases and Commentary with David Rosenbloom and Jonathan D. Carroll, Thompson - 2000
  8. “A Management Agenda for the 21st Century”, The Business of Government, IBM Business Publications,  November 1999
  9. “Perspectives on the New Public Management”, a review essay, American Review of Public Administration, summer, 1999
  10. “Administering Welfare Reform Through Information Sharing: The Promises and Tensions of Information Federalism”, with Walter Broadnax, in Deil Wright and Jon Jun, The Challenge to New Governance in the Twenty -First Century, 1999
  11.  “Assessing the New Performance Management: Results From Three Surveys of Public Officials”, with Xiao Hu, Korean Review of Public Administration, vol.3, no. 2, 1998
  12. “Divesting in America? The Legacy of Consumption Policy in the 1980s”, International Journal of Public Administration, vol.21, no.6 - 8, 1998, 869 - 905.
  13. “Marketizing Public Administration”, in George Frederickson, ed., Administrative Reform, 1998
  14. “The Warfare On and Over American Government in Waldonian Perspective”, Public Administration Review, May - June, 1997
  15. “ Welfare Reform, Responsibility, and Accountability”, with Walter Broadax,  in National Academy of Administration conference papers, Spring, 1997
  16. Editor’s Introduction, “Forum on Reinvention”, Public Administration Review, May/June, 1996, and co - author with Dahlia Lynn, “The Future of Reinvention: Congressional Perspectives”
  17. “The Rhetoric of Reform and Political Reality in the National Performance Review”, Public Administration Review, March - April, 1995
  18. “The National Performance Review”, The Costa Rican Journal of Public Affairs, 1994
  19. “The Library of Congress”, and “The Congressional Research Service”, in The Encyclopedia of the United States Congress, 1995
  20. “The Rights and Obligations of Federal Employees”, with David Rosenbloom, in The Handbook of Personnel Administration, 1994
  21. “The Public Administration of Investment: Grappling with the Blind People and the Elephant”, Public Administration Review, May - June, 1992
  22. The Idea Brokers by James Smith, book review, Perspectives on Political Science, summer, 1992
  23. Constitutional Issues: Implications for Executive Decisionmaking in the Private Sector: Cases and Commentary, Commission on the Bicentennial of the United States Constitution,1991
  24. “New Directions in Research for Congress: The Congressional Research Service”, Carnegie Commission on Science and Technology Policy, 1990
  25. “Informing Congressional Action in Chile: Field Trip Report and Recommendations”, The World Bank, 1990
  26. Toward Constitutional Competence for Public Administrators, with David Rosenbloom, Prentice Hall, 1989
  27. Constitutional Issues: Implications for Public Managers, U.S. Office of Personnel Management, 1989
  28. Rationing Medical Care for the Critically Ill, Co - Ed. The Brookings Institution, 1989
  29. “The Public Policy and Administration of Consumption, Saving and Investment”, The Public Administration Review, March/April, 1989

30.  “If Men Were Angels: Assessing the Ethics in Government Act of 1978”, with Robert Roberts, Policy Studies Journal, March, 1989

31.  Developing a Professional Public Service, Notes and materials from a UNDP field project, People's Republic of China, 1988

32.  “Public Administration in the Third Century of the Constitution: Status Quo, Privatization, or Public Investment?” Public Administration Review, January 1987

33.  Ethics in Business-Government Relationships: The Revolving Door in Defense Contracting: a Report of Work for the Packard Commission” in Business Ethics, Syracuse University, MacNaughton Symposium Volume, 1987

34.  Toward a Community Work-Based Corrections Policy for the District of Columbia, a report, Washington Correctional Foundation, 1986

35.   “The Revolving Door and Other Standards of Conduct Issues in Defense Management”, The President's Blue Ribbon Commission on Defense Management, 1986

36.  American Government: A Review of Texts and Materials Used in American High Schools, editor and author, People for the American Way, 1987

37.  “Supply Side Management in the Reagan Administration”, with A. Lee Fritschler and Bruce L.R. Smith, Public Administration Review, November/December, 1985

38.  What Should Be Done About the Federal Deficit? ed., Syracuse University, MacNaughton Symposium Volume, 1986

39.  The Study of Administration Revisited, Circa 1987, with Alfred Zuck, Washington: American Society for Public Administration, 1983

40.  “The New Juridicial Federalism and the Alienation of Public Policy and Administration”, American Review of Public Administration, May, 1983

41.  Improving the Accountability and Performance of Government, editor, author, with Bruce L.R. Smith, The Brookings Institution, 1982

42.  “Reagan and the New Deal”, with Bruce L.R. Smith, PS American Political Science Association, Vol.  XIV, No. 4, Fall, 1981

43.  “Getting People Off the Government's Back”, Op-ed page, The Washington Post, August 29, 1981, p. A23

44.  “The Advanced Study Program of the Brookings Institution”, PS, American Political Science Association, Vol.  XIV, No. 2, Spring, 1981

45.  Major Alternatives for Government Policies, Organization and Action in Civilian Nuclear Reactor Emergency Management in the United States, primary author, with others, National Academy of Public Administration, Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, D.C., January, 1980

46.  Public Administration Education and Training in the Ministry of Home Affairs, field trip and report, The Government of Indonesia and The World Bank, with Irving Swerdlow, The World Bank, 1979

47.  “Vertical Coalitions for Technology Transfer: Toward an Understanding of Intergovernmental Technology”, with P. Flynn and T. Dorsey, PUBLIUS, Vol. 9, No. 3, Summer, 1979

48.  Education for Public Service, 1979-1980; Education for Public Service, 1980-1981, editor with Guthrie Birkhead, The Maxwell School, Syracuse University, 1979, 1981

49.  Inside the Federal Bureaucracy: Views of Assistant Secretaries, co-editor with Jack Young, The Maxwell School, Syracuse University, 1980

50.  “ Confidentiality and Criminological Research: The Evolving Body of Law”, with Charles Knerr, The Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, Vol. 69, No. 3, September, 1978

51.  “Putting Government's House in Order”, Maxwell News and Notes, Vol. 13, No. 2, Fall, 1978, pp. 2,8

52.  “Comments on Confidentiality”, The American Sociologist, Vol. 13, No. 3, August, 1978, pp. 155, 156

53.  Documentation of the Crisis in Public Education in New Jersey, 1975-1976, with Richard Campbell, Division of Research, Planning and Evaluation, New Jersey State Department of Education (two volumes), 1978

54.  “The Confidentiality of Research: Legal Trends”, Journal of Social Science, January, 1978

55.  Review, Nejelski, Social Research in Conflict with Law Ethics, American Political Science Review, Winter, 1978

56.  Intergovernmental Administration, with Richard Campbell, The Maxwell School, Syracuse, 1976

57.  “Policy Analysis for Congress”, Commission on the Operation of the Senate, in Congressional Support Agencies, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1976

58.  Confidentiality of Research Sources and Data, with Charles Knerr, Russell Sage Foundation, 1976

59.  “Public Service Education at the Maxwell School”, with James Garnett and Michael Brostek, Journal of Urban Analysis, 1976

60.  The Postal Service 1976: What Next? with Marcia Lynn, American Enterprise Institute, 1976

61.  Editor, “The Management of Knowledge: A Symposium”, with Nicholas Henry, Public Administration Review, December, 1975

62.  “Service, Knowledge, and Choice: The Future as Postindustrial Administration”, Public Administration Review, December, 1975

63.  “Education for the Public Trust: Learning to Live with the Public and the Absurd”, The Bureaucrat, September, 1975

64.  “A Report on the Confidentiality of Data Project”, PS, American Political Science Association, September 1975

65.  “Confidentiality of Social Science Research Sources and Data: The Popkin Case”, PS, American Political Science Association, June, 1973

66.  The Politics and Administration of Knowledge: Administration as a Clockwork Orange? The Maxwell School, Syracuse University, 1973

67.  The Administration of Federal Assistance Programs, with Robert Newton and others, U.S. Commission on Government Procurement, Washington, D.C., 1972

68.  “Participatory Technology”, Science, February 19, 1971

69.  “The Siege of Fort Lincoln, Circa 1969: A Study in NonParticipatory Technology”, with John Zocotti, I. Feller (ed.), The Application of Science and Technology to Public Programs, Center for the Study of Science Policy, Pennsylvania State University, 1972

70.  Part V, Federal Programs and New Town Development, in Syracuse University Research Corporation, Lysander New Town, New York State Urban Development Corporation, 1969

71.  “Noetic Authority”, Public Administration Review, October 1969

72.  “The Community Self Development Corporation Act of 1968 - An Analysis,” with Joel Hincks, congressional Research Service (and extensive other CRS analyses and reports), 1968-1969

73.  “Science and the City: The Question of Authority”, Science, February, 1969

74.  “The Process Values of University Research”, Science, November, 1967

75.  Public Affairs: An Agenda for Philanthropy, a report to the Ford Foundation, with Stephen K. Bailey and others, 1967

76.  Federal Support of University Research, Report to NASA, Spring, 1967

77.  Technology and Metropolitan Problems, Report to the Harvard Program on Technology and Society, Spring, 1967

78.  Support of Political Science Research by the National Science Foundation”, The Use of Social Research in Federal Domestic Programs, House Committee on Government Operations, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1967

79.  “Support of Political Science Research by the National Science Foundation”, Maxwell Review, Winter, 1967

80.  “The Case for the Ombudsman”, Maxwell Review, Fall, 1966

81.  “Beyond the 200-Bev Accelerator: The Scientific-Economic State”, Maxwell Review, Spring, 1966

82.  Electronic Eavesdropping in the Syracuse Public Safety Building, Report to the American Civil Liberties Union, 1965

83.  “The Forgotten Amendment and Privacy”, Nation, Fall, 1965

84.  “Legislative Apportionment Cases”,  Syracuse Law Review, Fall, 1964



1.      Participant, National Academy of Public Administration – Johns Hopkins University, conference on The Effects of 9/11 on Public Administration, September, 2003

2.      Participant, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, Washington, D.C.,  Foresight in Governance Project, 2002 - 2003

3.      Member, National Academy of Public Administration, 1974  - present

4.      Member, Cosmos Club, 1980 -present

5.      Grantee, 1999, PricewaterhouseCoopers Endowment for the Business of 

     Government, “2001: A Management Agenda for the Next President”

6.      NASPAA MPA Accreditation Process, Florida International University, 1997 – 1998            Co-Director

7.      Chair of Doctoral Studies, School of Public Affairs, Florida International University, 1997 


8.      Member, advisory board, Deputy Secretary, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, organization and administration of HHS, 1994 -1995

9.       Member, AID project site team, the Congress of Panama, 1993

10.  Grantee -Analyst, Commission on the Bicentennial off the United States Constitution - Businesses and the Constitution, 1991

11.  The World Bank - Strengthening Democratic Government in Chile - Field Work and Report, 1990

12.  The Carnegie Commission on Science and Technology Policy ­Information for Congress, consultant, author, 1990

13.  The National Academy of Science/National Academy of Engineering Transportation Research Board, Reviewer - Air Line Deregulation Project, 1991

14.  The Office of Personnel Management, consultant - contractor. The Constitution and Public Service, 1989

15.  The People's Republic of China, Public Service Project, host to working groups in the United States, and two - week field trip and report, 1987,1988

16.  President's Blue Ribbon Commission on Defense Management, The Revolving Door in             

          Defense Contracting, 1986 

17.  MacNaughton Symposia, Syracuse University-Prudential Foundation - Organizer, Chair:

1984 - The Federal Deficit

1987 - Deregulation

1988 - Rethinking the Federal Deficit

18.  U.S. Department of Education - Public Service Education Fellowships Selection Boards, 1979-1983

19.   U.S. Department of Justice/National Institute of Justice Fraud and Abuse in Government Programs Review Committee, 1978-1984

20.   Price Waterhouse - Public Management Review - Field Trip and Report, Government of Jamaica, 1982

21.   Brookings Institution Sloan Foundation Science Fellows Program - Director, 1979-1981

22.  Nuclear Regulatory Commission/National Academy of Public Administration - Project Director: Nuclear Reactor Emergenncy Management in the United States, 1979-1980

23.  The World Bank - Public Administration Education and Training, The Government of Indonesia, with Irving Swerdlow - Field Trip and Report, 1979

24.  The Attorney General of New York State, Advisory Committee, 1978-1980

25.  The New York State Bar Association Regulatory Review Committee, 1979-1980

26.  National Endowment for the Humanities/National Academy of Public Administration - Project Director: Ethics in the Public Seervice, 1978-1980

27.  The Russell Sage Foundation, Confidentiality of Research Sources and Data Project, Director, 1974-1977

28.   U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare: Director of Education for Public Service Grants and Fellowships, The Maxwell School, 1975-1979

29.  U.S. Office of Management and Budget/Office of Federal Procurement Policy - Procurement Policy Development Project, 1977-­1978

30.  Office of Technology Assessment, Review Panel on Food and Nutrition Research, 1977-1978

31.   National Institute of Education, Education Law and Administration in New Jersey - Principal Researcher, 1977­-1978

32.  Education Testing Service, Board on Privacy and Confidentiality of Test Data, 1976-1977

33.  Commission on the Operation of the Senate, consultant and author, Research and Information for the Senate, 1976

34.   The Ford Foundation, Minority Public Service Education Grants, The Maxwell School, Director, 1975-1977

35.  U.S. Commission on Government Procurement: Member, R&D Study Group; Vice Chairman, Administration of Federal Domestic Assistance Programs Group, 1971-1972

36.   National Science Foundation, Urban Technology Review Board (and-other assignments), 1972-1976


V. Other Activities

1.      Member, Editorial Board, Georgetown Public Policy Review, 1997 - 2003

2.      Member, Board of Editors, Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, 1990-1993

3.      Book review editor, Policy Studies Review, 1990- 1996

4.      Member, Board, National Academy of Public Service, 1991-1994

5.      Special symposia reviewer, Public Administration Review, 1991

6.      Member, Board of Directors, National Academy of Public Administration,

    1988-1990; Secretary, 1989-1990

7.      Chair, Public Service Ethics Committee, National Academy of Public Administration, 1989-1990

8.    Member, Board of Editors, Public Administration Review, 1987-1989

9.     Lecturer, Developing a Professional Public Service, People's Republic of China, Beijing,


10.  Member, Board of Editors, State and Local Government Review, 1986-1989

11.  Editor, Assistance Management, 1980-1982

12.  Reviewer, National Science Foundation, Science, Public Administration Review, various publishers and journals

13.  President, Washington Corrections Foundation, 1980-1981, 1984-1988

14.  Originating Board Member, Georgetown Ministry for the Homeless, 1987 - 1989

15.  Board Member, North Community Mental Health Center, Washington, DC, 1988-1992

16.  Extensive speaking and professional association conference activities

17.  Member, National Academy of Public Administration Panel ­NASA/Goddard -City of Baltimore Space Applications Project, 1976

18.  Member, Academic Advisory Group, Urban Curriculum Development: Grantee - National Training Development Service

19.Special Representative, Academic Freedom and Professional Responsibility Cases, American

                    Political Science Association

     Popkin Case, 1972-1974

     X Case, 1978-1979

     Selzer Case, 1978-1979

     Smith Case, 1984-1986

20.  Member, Urban Technology Review Panel, Intergovernmental Science Program, National

Science Foundation, 1975

21.  Member, Innovations Awards Board, International City Management Association, 1975

22.  Member, International City Management Joint Academic Practitioner Urban Education Committee, 1974-1975

23.  Member, Site Visit Review Team, National Association of Schools of Public Affairs and Administration, 1975

24.  Member, National Academy of Public Administration, 1974 - present

25.  Co-organizer, Technology Extension Agent Training Program, Urban Technology Systems, Public Technology, Inc., Boulder, Colorado, 1974

26.  Member, Advisory Board, Urban Technology System Project, Public Technology, Inc., 1973

27.  Member, Ethics and Academic Freedom Committee, American Political Science Association, 1972-1974

28.  Organizer, National Convention, National Association of Schools of Public Affairs and Administration, 1974

29.  Member, American Society for Public Administration, Annual Program Committee, 1973-1975

30.  Member, National Association of Schools of Public Affairs and Administration, various committees, 1971-1980

31.  Member, Committee on Research Policy, American Political Science Association, 1976-1979

32.  Member, American Political Science Association - National Science Foundation Thesaurus Project, 1972-1973

33.  Member, Advisory Committee, Program on Public Affairs and Government, Mount Vernon College, 1973-1975

34.  American Men of Science, 1973



VI. COURSES TAUGHT (selective)

NB. Most of these courses use  the web site  www.jamesdcarroll.com  and employ  distance learning  and exercises in various ways. The site includes a conceptual framework for the courses, hyperlinks, syllabi for courses this term, e study groups, assignment pages, and other.

1.      The Conceptual Foundations of Public Action  in the West (Ph D seminars)

2.      Innovations In Public Management: The United States and other Countries

3.      The New Public Action: Marketizing, Privatizing, Contracting, and Third Party Government

4.      Public and Administrative Law for Students of Public Policy and Administration

5.      Problems in Public Policy and Administration and Democracy: The Positive and the Negative Faces of Public life.Problems of Homeland/Domestic Security.

6.      Values and Public policy: Idealism, Realism, and Cynicism in Public Life 

7.      Intergovernmental Relations